Bihar, an eastern state in India, is a land steeped in history and tradition. Bihar is the cradle of Buddhism and Jainism and is home to many significant historical sites and natural wonders. Here are ten must-visit places in Bihar that glimpse the state’s rich heritage and natural beauty.
1. Bodh Gaya
Bodh Gaya is the most important Buddhist pilgrimage site in the world. It’s the place where Prince Siddhartha attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree and became Buddha. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must-visit.
Patna, the capital city of Bihar, is home to several attractions, such as the Patna Museum, Golghar, and the Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan. The Patna Museum houses a rich collection of artifacts from the Mauryan and Gupta periods.
Nalanda is famous for the ancient Nalanda University, which was a center of learning from the 5th century CE to the 12th century CE. The ruins of this ancient university, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, offer fascinating insights into the past.
Rajgir, surrounded by seven hills, is a significant spiritual destination. It’s known for the ancient Vishwa Shanti Stupa, the serene Griddhakuta Hill, and the Rajgir Hot Springs.
Vaishali is a historic city of great archaeological significance. It’s reputed to be the birthplace of Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism and is also significant in the life of Gautama Buddha.
Sasaram is known for the grand tomb of Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan emperor who ruled over India in the 16th century. The tomb, built in the middle of an artificial lake, is a fine example of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Munger is a historic city located on the southern bank of the Ganges River. It’s famous for the Bihar School of Yoga, Munger Fort, and the Chandika Asthan, one of the fifty-one Shakti Peethas in India.
8. Barabar Caves
The Barabar Caves, located in Jehanabad district, are India’s oldest surviving rock-cut caves. With their polished interiors, these caves were dedicated by Emperor Ashoka to the Ajivika sect.
Bhagalpur, located on the southern bank of the Ganges River, is known for the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, the only protected area for the endangered Gangetic dolphins in Asia.
Madhubani is known for its unique style of painting, known as Madhubani or Mithila painting. The region is also home to the Kapileshwar Temple, a popular Shiva temple.
FAQs on Must-Visit Places in Bihar
Q. What is the best time to visit Bodh Gaya?
Ans. The best time to visit Bodh Gaya is from November to February when the weather is cool and pleasant.
Q. What are the main attractions in Patna?
Ans. The main attractions in Patna include the Patna Museum, Golghar, Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, and the Gandhi Maidan.
Q. What can I do in Rajgir?
Ans. In Rajgir, you can visit the Vishwa Shanti Stupa, enjoy a ropeway ride to the Griddhakuta Hill, relax in the hot springs, and explore the ancient ruins of the Nalanda University nearby.
Q. What is Sasaram famous for?
Ans. Sasaram is famous for the grand tomb of Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan emperor who ruled over India in the 16th century. The tomb, built in the middle of an artificial lake, is a marvel of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Q. What is unique about the Barabar Caves?
Ans. The Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, dating back to the Mauryan period. They are known for their polished interiors and echo effect, which are unique among Indian cave monuments.
Bihar is a treasure trove of historical and cultural heritage. From the sacred Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya to the vibrant Madhubani paintings, these ten must-visit places offer a unique glimpse into the state’s rich past and vibrant culture. Whether you’re a history buff, a nature lover, a spiritual seeker, or an art enthusiast, Bihar has something to offer you. So pack your bags and embark on a journey to explore this fascinating state.